The components in weed play a vital role in how cannabis affects you. They include cannabis trichomes, cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. Learning more about each of these components will help you determine how weed will affect you before you buy.

This article will focus on cannabis trichomes, so you understand how they affect the weed experience.

What are Cannabis Trichomes?

Cannabis trichomes are resin glands that can be found on the surface of marijuana leaves and flowers. They look like tiny hairs, but they are really factories that produce cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. They have a pungent aroma that varies depending on the types of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids they contain.

Trichomes are more abundant in female plants. That’s because male plants do not produce cannabis flower which is rich in trichomes.

Trichomes Protect Plants

Trichomes do more than contribute to cannabis effects. They also protect the plant. They create a bitter taste and unappealing scent that deters pests and animals from eating them.

They also create THC and other molecules that protect the plant from fungus and UV rays. Carnivorous plants use trichomes to detect prey and consume them. For example, they are what makes the Venus fly trap clamp shut to eat prey that’s close by.

Other Benefits of Trichomes

Trichomes also go through stages in which they turn from clear to cloudy, to amber to mixed. Cannabis producers can determine the stages of the trichome to determine when to harvest certain strains.

What are the Different Types of Cannabis Trichomes?

Cannabis trichomes can be divided into two main categories: glandular and non-glandular. Non-glandular cannabis trichomes mainly serve the purpose of protecting the plant and killing small bugs.

Glandular trichomes produce molecules that protect plants. They can be subdivided into three categories as follows:

Are Trichomes Only Found in Cannabis Plants?

No, trichomes can be found in various plants including ferns, Venus flytraps, stinging nettle, lichen, cyanobacteria, and even potatoes. The trichomes protect them from pests and prevent them from drying out. They may also produce terpenes. But they do not produce cannabinoids.  

Terpenes, Cannabinoids, Flavonoids, Oh My!

Cannabis trichomes produce terpenes, cannabinoids, and flavonoids that give weed its characteristics. They work together to provide an entourage effect that makes the effects of each component more powerful. But what are these components and how do they work? Read on to find out.


Weed contains hundreds of cannabinoids. THC, the most popular cannabinoid, provides psychoactive effects. It also has medical uses and contributes to well-being.

CBD is another popular cannabinoid. It has been a focus of natural medicine for the past few years. Like THC, it also contributes to well-being, but it is non-psychoactive.

However, several other cannabinoids can be found in the cannabis plant. For example, CBN aids with sleep and relaxation. CBG has powerful anti-inflammatory effects.

You won’t typically find these cannabinoids sold on their own. Rather, they can be combined with CBD or THC to enhance their effects and provide unique benefits.


Terpenes are naturally occurring chemical compounds found in plants and some animals. They are responsible for giving plants certain flavors and aromas. They also protect plants from harsh weather and predators.

Terpenes won’t get you high, but they can contribute to cannabis effects. For example, myrcene has antifungal and antibacterial properties and sedative effects. Limonene has anti-anxiety properties and may reduce the risk of cancer.

Not all terpenes are found in cannabis. They can be found in other plants as well. They will provide similar effects regardless of the source.


Flavonoids are compounds found in various plant products including citrus fruits, vegetables, teas, and cannabis. They regulate cellular activity and fight free radicals. They protect the body from toxins and stressors.

Several types of flavonoids can be found in the cannabis plant. Cannflavins A, B, And C have neuroprotective, antioxidant, and anti-cancer properties. Quercetin adds color to plants and suppresses inflammation.

Cannabis trichomes play a crucial role in weed’s effects. They create the terpenes, cannabinoids, and flavonoids that contribute to cannabis health benefits and psychological outcomes. Now that you know more about them, you can determine what your weed experience will be like.

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