Most cannabis users are aware of the various types of cannabis consumption available. Cannabis concentrates are a popular option. But there are many types of concentrates to choose from.

This article will review the various options so you can decide which is right for you.

What are Cannabis Concentrates?

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Cannabis concentrates are extracts created when a solvent is used to separate cannabinoids and terpenes from a cannabis plant. Butane, ethanol, propane, or supercritical carbon dioxide can be used as the solvent. Solventless extraction methods are also available.

Concentrates are a preferred method of consumption because they do not irritate the lungs and respiratory system like flower. They also provide a more intense experience. They are ‘cleaner’ than other cannabis products.

What are the Various Types of Cannabis Concentrates?

Crude Oil

Crude oil is extracted with a hydrocarbon solvent. The oil is collected after a primary extraction run of a dried or cured cannabis flower. The extract is further refined into a distillate and prepared for human consumption.

Live Resin

Live resin is similar to crude oil in that it is extracted with hydrocarbon solvent. It is also the product of primary extraction. However, rather than a dried or cured cannabis flower, frozen flower is used.

Live resin is typically consumed through dabbing or vaping.


Shatter is crude oil that is hardened into a glass-like consistency. It looks like a golden-colored sheet. It is typically consumed through dabbing.

The product has one of the highest cannabis concentrates on the market. It’s not unusual to find shatter concentrates with an 80% + THC concentration.


Known by all three names, this product has a wax-like consistency that’s more viscous than most wax cannabis concentrates. Its texture is due to its production process. It is whipped during extraction and made at a high temperature. As a result, it is extremely terpene-rich.

Budder is typically dabbed.


Sugar is a waxy concentrate made through a hydrocarbon extraction process. It is typically dabbed. It is made from live resin and is often marketed as such. However, it differs from other live resin products due to its sugary consistency and grainy-looking appearance.

The wax uses cannabis strains that retain water. The products have a unique appearance and can range in color from light yellow to amber.


Wax encompasses sugar, budder, and other similarly textured wax cannabis concentrates. It is made with live resin. Its color tends to be lighter and opaquer than shatter or sugar.


Sauce differs from other cannabis concentrates due to its soupy texture. It consists of THCa crystals and isolated terpenes. It is made with live resin and consumed through dabbing.

THCa Crystalline

Crystalline is a highly refined crude cannabis extract that resembles crystals. It has a potency of about 99.96% THCa. It is considered an isolate because it does not contain the terpenes and cannabinoids found in other cannabis concentrates.

The product can be taken via oil, pill, or drink for non-psychoactive effects. Or users can dab for psychoactive effects. The heat used in dabbing affects the results it produces. It is a pure product that has no color, flavor, or aroma.

THC Distillate

THC distillate is a distilled form of crude oil. It is commonly extracted with ethanol. Hydrocarbon can be used as well. Its cannabinoids are isolated from other compounds in the oil to create a flavorless, odorless product that can be integrated into other cannabis products.

Full Spectrum CBD

Full spectrum CBD is so called because it contains other cannabinoids and terpenes that allow it to provide more effective results. It may have low levels of THC, but it is non-psychoactive. It is typically made with hemp rather than marijuana.

The product is typically extracted with ethanol, although hydrocarbon is sometimes used. It is available in food, beverages, pills, lotions, and oil.

CBD Distillate

CBD distillate is purified and distilled hemp crude oil that is extracted by ethanol (most common) or hydrocarbon using fractional distillation. It has an oil-like consistency.

It is odorless and flavorless. It can be processed into other consumer products including lotions, pills, drinks, and edibles. It can also be dabbed.

Distillate is not considered a full-spectrum product because cannabinoids are removed during distillation.

CBD Isolate

CBD isolate is a further refined form of CBD distillate. It is subjected to additional solvents, temperature changes, and motion-based processes after fractional distillation occurs.

After the isolate is processed, it takes on a crystal-like structure. The crystals are ground down to a powder which can be made into lotions, edibles, beverages, foods, pills, or dabbing products. It is considered an isolate because it is free of cannabinoids and terpenes and is 99% pure.

Cannabis Concentrates Extraction Process

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Cannabis extraction uses an ethanol or hydrocarbon solvent to separate THC or CBD from the plant. It leaves behind an oil-like extract that can be incorporated into cannabis products.

After primary extraction occurs, steps are taken to purify or refine the extract. They can include terpene removal, winterization, filtration, or color remediation. Then decarboxylation, distillation, and possibly crystallization take place to refine, isolate, or purify the product.

Cannabis extraction is a complex process. It must be performed by a team of knowledgeable scientists and chemists. These requirements ensure a pure, potent, quality product.

South Coast Safe Access Offers Top Cannabis Concentrates

South Coast Safe Access is a preferred choice for cannabis concentrates. We carry brands that use pure, potent extraction methods. They integrate lab testing to back their quality.

Contact us for products that will help you enjoy optimal well-being.